What will the impact of Climate Change be on business by 2100?

Gary A. Fowler
3 min readNov 8, 2023
Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

The reality of climate change is increasingly influencing the world’s economic and business landscapes. By 2100, its impacts could reshape industries, alter global trade, and create new business opportunities.

Understanding Climate Change

What is Climate Change?

Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperature and typical weather patterns worldwide. It’s largely driven by human activities, primarily the burning of fossil fuels, which increases the concentration of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Predicted Climate Trends by 2100

Scientists predict that, if current trends continue, global temperatures could rise by 3–5°C by 2100. This would lead to more extreme weather events, rising sea levels, and significant shifts in rainfall patterns.

The Impact of Climate Change on Various Sectors

Agriculture and Food Production

A warmer world could mean fewer frost days, longer growing seasons, and an increased risk of droughts and floods. This could disrupt food production, creating volatile food prices and supply chain challenges.

Energy Sector

Increased temperatures could drive up energy demand for cooling, while decreasing demand for heating. Renewable energy sources may also become more viable as technology advances and regulatory pressure increases.

Real Estate and Construction

Rising sea levels and more extreme weather could impact real estate values, particularly in coastal and low-lying areas. Construction costs could also increase as designs adapt to withstand extreme weather events.

Insurance and Financial Services

Insurers could face higher claims from more frequent and severe weather events. Meanwhile, financial services could see increased demand for green finance, but also face potential stranded assets in high-carbon industries.

Climate Change and Global Trade

Impact on Supply Chains

With more extreme weather events, disruptions to global supply chains could become more common. Companies may need to rethink their supply chains, perhaps localizing more production or diversifying their suppliers.

Shifts in Global Trade Patterns

Climate change could also shift trade patterns. For example, warming in the Arctic could open up new shipping routes, while some regions could become less viable for agriculture, shifting global food trade patterns.

Climate Change Regulations and Their Impact

Mandatory Emission Reductions

Businesses could face mandatory emission reductions, forcing a shift away from high-carbon technologies. This could require significant investment but also drive innovation.

Carbon Pricing and Trading

The implementation of carbon pricing and trading systems could add costs for high-carbon industries but could also provide opportunities for companies that can reduce their emissions or capture and store carbon.

Business Opportunities Arising from Climate Change

The Rise of Green Technologies

From renewable energy to electric vehicles and carbon capture technologies, green tech offers significant business opportunities. Companies that can innovate in this area could capture a large and growing market.

Climate Resilience Services

There will also be a need for services to help businesses adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change. This could include everything from climate risk assessment to adaptation consulting.


While climate change poses significant challenges for businesses, it also presents opportunities. Businesses that can adapt and innovate will not only survive but could thrive in a climate-changed world.



Gary A. Fowler

Founder & CEO of GSDVS, Generative AI Guy, Speaker, Author, Investor and Venture Scaler